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GOVERNMENT SCHEMES : PART 4 : UPSC, SSC, BANK EXAMS


MINISTRY OF TRIBAL AFFAIRS SCHEMES

The government has announced the setting up of Ekalavya Residential Schools to provide education to tribals in their local environment.

Target – Ekalavya schools in every block with more than 50% ST population and at least 20,000 tribal persons by 2022.

It will have special facilities for preserving local art and culture, besides providing training in sports and skill development.

The Ekalavya Residential School Scheme isn‘t new. It has been around for many years now.

However, the government has signalled in Budget 2018 that it wants to expand the scope.

It is an initiative for targeting livelihood generation for tribals by harnessing non-timber forest produce.

Under the scheme, 10 Self Help Groups of 30 Tribal gatherers are being trained and provided with working capital to add value to the products, which they collect from the Jungle.

It also aims at build upon the traditional knowledge & skill sets of tribals by adding technology & IT for value addition.

It also focussed on setting-up of tribal community owned Van Dhan Vikas Kendras in predominantly forested tribal districts.

It is launched for the holistic development and welfare of tribal population in India by plugging the infrastructure gaps and lags in human development indices.

The scheme focuses on

1. Provision for a better standard of living and quality of life

2. Improving access to and quality of education

3. Generating resources for long-term and sustainable growth

4.Bridging infrastructural gaps

5. Protection of tribal culture and heritage.

 Young Entrepreneurs of TRIFED

Young Entrepreneur Development Programme of TRIFED plans to expand sale operations by empanelling young sales men/women.

These sales people will undertake house to house campaign for sale of tribal products.

They will be paid a commission of 10% on net sales.

By this revamped plan every tribal products will have a Tribal Craft Mark in form of hologram/ label/tag for its genuineness and authenticity.

Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvention Schemes

Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme

AIBP was launched to give loan assistance to the States to help them complete some of the incomplete major/medium irrigation projects which were at an advanced stage of completion and to create additional irrigation potential in the country.

The ratio of CLA to State‘s share is 2:1 for General Category States while for Special Category States, it is 3:1.

Later, Central Loan Assistance under AIBP could also be extended to minor surface irrigation projects of special category states.

The assistance provided was entirely in the form on loan in the beginning but later a grant component was also added

The central assistance is in form of central grant which is 90% of the project cost in case of special category States, project benefiting drought prone areas, tribal areas and flood prone areas and 25% in case of Non- Special category States.

It includes Special Category States and Koraput, Bolangir and Kalahandi Districts of Odisha.

JalKrantiAbhiyan is being celebrated to consolidate water conservation and management in the country through a holistic and integrated approach involving all stakeholders, making it a mass movement.

The objectives of JalKranti Abhiyan are

1. Strengthening grass root involvement of all stakeholders including Panchayati Raj Institutions and local bodies in the water security and development schemes

2. Encouraging the adoption/utilization of traditional knowledge in water resources conservation and its management;

3. To utilize sector level expertise from different levels in government, NGO‘s, citizens etc;

4. Enhancing livelihood security through water security in rural areas.
· Activities undertaken – 1. Jal Gram Yojana, 2. Development of Model Command Area, 3. Pollution abatement, 4. Mass Awareness Programme.

Jal Gram Yojana – Under this two villages in every district) are being selected and an integrated water security plan is prepared to ensure optimum and sustainable utilization of water.

Funding – No separate fund have been allotted and various expenditure will be met from existing schemes of Central/State Governments, such as PMKSY, MGNREGA, RRR of water bodies, AIBP etc.

It is an integrated Conservation Mission for Ganga Rejuvenation by consolidating the existing ongoing efforts and planning for a concrete action plan for future.

The programme covers 8 states such as Uttarakhand, U.P, Bihar, W.B, Jharkhand, M.P, Haryana and Delhi.

It involves developments of Ghats and beautification of River Fronts at Kedarnath, Haridwar, Kanpur, Varanasi, Allahabad, Patna and Delhi through multi-sectoral, multi-dimensional approach.

Key Ministries involved in Ganga Rejuvenation – Ministry of WR, RD&GR, Environment, Forests & Climate Change, Shipping, Tourism, Urban Development, Drinking Water and Sanitation and Rural Development.

Interventions taken under Namami Ganga includes,

Sustainable Municipal Sewage management (Coordination with Ministry of Urban Development).

Managing Sewage from Rural Areas.

Managing Industrial discharge and pollution abatement

Enforcing River Regulatory Zones on Ganga Banks, Restoration and conservation of wetlands, efficient irrigation methods.

Ensuring ecological rejuvenation by conservation of aquatic life and biodiversity.

Promotion of Tourism and Shipping in a rational and sustainable manner.

Knowledge Management on Ganga through Ganga Knowledge Centre.

Under the aegis of National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) & State Programme Management Groups (SPMGs) States and ULBs and PRIs will be involved in this project.

Establishment of Clean Ganga Fund to encourage contributions from citizens for river conservation.

The programme is 100% centrally funded.

It is scheduled to be completed by 2020.

Ganga Vriksharopan Abhiyan

National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) is running ―Ganga Vriksharopan Abhiyan‖ in five main stem Ganga basin states Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal.

The campaign has been initiated as part of the Forest Interventions in Ganga (FIG) component of NamamiGange programme.

It aims to bring greater awareness among people and other stakeholders regarding the importance of afforestation for the task of Ganga  Rejuvenation.

Nirmal Ganga Sahbhagita is an initiative of Ministry of water resources.

It is mainly to assist the Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) located on the banks of the river Ganga for achieving the objective of Clean Ganga.

It aims at sensitizing the ULBs about the pollution arising primarily due to dumping of solid waste in the river and involving them in stoppage of such dumping.

Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project

It is a project under Ministry of Water Resources with financial assistance from World Bank.

80% of the total project is provided by the World Bank as loan/credit and remaining 20% is borne by the States / Central Government (for CWC). Government has not sought funding from any internal agency for this

project.

The objectives of DRIP are to improve the safety and operational performance of selected existing dams and associated appurtenances in a sustainable manner, and to strengthen the dam safety institutional setup of participating States / Implementing Agencies.

Initially, the project will repair and rehabilitation about 225 dam projects across the seven states of India, namely Jharkhand , Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, and Uttarakhand.

Atal Bhoojal Yojana is aimed at efficient management of available water resources.

The emphasis of the scheme will be on recharge of ground water sources and revival of surface water bodies by involving people at the local level.

It will focus on demand side management (how to meet requirements by minimum use of water).

The half of the fund will be supported by a World Bank loan of 3000 crore and the rest will be funded by central government.

It would initially be implemented with community participation in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Haryana, Karnataka, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.

It focuses primarily on involvement of communities and convergence with different water scheme.

Ganga Praharis are self-motivated and trained volunteers from among the local communities in the five Ganga states (Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal).

They work to conserve the ecological integrity of the Ganga River, and, reduce the direct dependency of the local communities on the river.

The aim is to establish a motivated cadre to support the local level institutions and monitor the quality of the natural resources of the river by mobilizing local communities at the grassroots level.

It is an initiative of National Mission for Clean Ganga-Wildlife Institute of India (NMCG-WII) under its project ̳Biodiversity Conservation and Ganga Rejuvenation.

The objectives are

i. Creating awareness about the benefits of a clean and vibrant Ganga and create a sense of belongingness among people towards the Ganga River.

ii. Linking local communities and their livelihoods with the overall efforts of various agencies working for a clean Ganga, and thereby, creating a convergence point at grass roots level for such efforts.

iii. Linking local people‘s livelihood and well-being with a clean and vibrant Ganga.

MINISTRY OF WOMEN AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT SCHEMES 

Poshan Abhiyan/National Nutrition Mission

PM‘s Overarching Scheme for Holistic Nourishment (POSHAN) Abhiyan strive to reduce the level of stunting, under-nutrition, anemia and low birth weight babies.

It targets to reduce stunting, undernutrition, anemia and reduce low birth weight by 2%, 2%, 3% and 2% per annum respectively.

Mission 25 by 2022 – Although it targets to reduce stunting by 2%, Mission would strive to achieve reduction in Stunting from 38.4% (NFHS-4) to 25% by 2022.

It may include the following nutrition strategies and interventions

1. supplementary nutrition,

2. IYCF(Infant and Young Child

Feeding)immunisation,

3. food fortification,

4. adolescent nutrition,

5. dietary diversification

6. maternal health

Behavior change communication is the key component of POSHAN Abhiyaan for converting it into Jan Andolan (People‘s movement) SCHEMES

All the States and districts will be covered in a phased manner i.e. 315 districts in 2017-18, 235 districts in 2018-19 and remaining districts in 2019-20.

It will be funded 50% by the Government of India and 50% by World Bank or other Multinational Development Banks.

The Executive Committee is the Apex body for all Nutrition related activities under the POSHAN Abhiyaan.

National Council on India‘s nutritional challenges under chairmanship of Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog, has been set up under the POSHAN Abhiyaan.

Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana

Since 2005, JSY pays Rs.1,400 to poor women who deliver in a hospital, for the first two deliveries.

National Food Security Act (2013) mandated the payment of no less than Rs.6,000 to all pregnant women, irrespective of their income status.

So the Ministry has formulated Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana.

It was implemented using the platform of Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme and in selected 53 districts across the country.

Pan-India Expansion of Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana is called Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY)/Maternity Benefit Programmee.

The Scheme provides cash incentives to pregnant and lactating women.

i. for the wage loss so that the woman can take adequate rest before and after delivery;

ii. to improve her health and nutrition during the period of pregnancy and lactation;

iii. to breastfeed the child during the first six months of the birth, which is very vital for the development of the child.

All Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers (PW&LM), excluding those in regular employment with the Government or PSUs or those who are in receipt of similar benefits under any law for the time being are eligible.

Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers who are eligible will receive a cash benefit of Rs.5,000/- in three installment.

The cash incentive is payable in three installments for the first live birth, as normally, the first pregnancy of a woman exposes her to new kind of challenges and stress factors.

However, to address the problem of malnutrition and morbidity among children, the anganwadi services, which is universal, is available to all PW&LM including the second pregnancy.

The cash transfer would be Aadhaar linked through the individual bank/post office account etc. in DBT mode.

It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme and the cost sharing between Centre and States is 60:40 for all the States and UTs (with legislature), 90:10 for NER and Himalayan States and 100% GoI share for UTs without legislatures.

Thus a PW&LM will get Rs. 5,000/- under PMMVY and the remaining cash incentive as per approved norms under Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) after institutional delivery so that on an average, a woman gets Rs. 6000/-.

Integrated Child Development Scheme

ICDS is a centrally sponsored scheme implemented by state governments and union territories.

It aims at providing supplementary nutrition, immunization and pre-school education to the children.

Objectives- To prevent and reduce young child under-nutrition (% underweight children 0-3 years) by 10 percentage points, enhance early development and learning outcomes in all children 0-6 years of age, improve care and nutrition of girls and women and reduce Anaemia prevalence in young children, girls and women by

one fifth by the end of 12th five year plan.

Beneficiaries -Children in the age group of 0-6 years, Pregnant women and Lactating mothers.

Services under ICDS -It offers a package of six services such as Supplementary Nutrition, Pre-school nonformal education, Nutrition & health education, Immunization, Health check-up and Referral services.

The services are offered at Anganwadi Centres through Anganwadi Workers (AWWs) and Anganwadi Helpers AWHS) at grassroots level.

All components of ICDS except Supplementary Nutrition Programme (SNP) are financed through a 60:40 ratio (central : state). The Supplementary Nutrition Programme (SNP) component was funded through a 50:50 ratio. The North East states have a 90:10 ratio.

SABLA/ Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls is a centrally sponsored scheme to empower adolescent girls of 11-18 years and it is implemented through the State Governments/UTs.

Objectives:Enable the adolescent girls for self-development and empowerment, Improve their nutrition and

health status, Promote awareness about health, hygiene, nutrition, adolescent reproductive and sexual health

(arsh) and family and child care and to educate, skill and make them ready for life‘s challenges.

It provides an integrated package of services such as

1. Nutrition provision

2. Iron and Folic Acid (IFA) supplementation

3. Health check-up and Referral services

4. Nutrition & Health Education (NHE)

5. Counseling/Guidance on family welfare, Adolescent Reproductive and Sexual Health (ARSH) , child care practices and home management

6. Life Skill Education and accessing public services

7. Vocational training for girls aged 16 & above under National Skill Development Program

All Components except nutrition provision will get 100% financial assistance from the Central Government. The nutrition provision will be funded by Central government up to the extent of 50%.

SAKSHAM/Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Boys aims holistic development of Adolescent Boys, on the pattern of SABLA.

It would aim at the all-round development of Adolescent Boys to make them self-reliant, gender-sensitive and aware citizens, when they grow up.

The scheme will focus on all Adolescent Boys between 11 to 18 years and will primarily focus on out-of-school boys.

The main objectives of SAKSHAM includes

1.To make the Adolescent Boys gender sensitive, self-development and empowerment.

2. To address the health needs i.e. the physical, mental and emotional health of ABs.

3. To create sensitized Ahimsa Messengers to address Violence against Women.

4.To provide relevant information and vocational skills through National Skill Development Program (NSDP) for future work-participation.

5.To promote awareness about health, hygiene, nutrition and Adolescent Reproductive & Sexual Health (ARSH) and family and child care.

The scheme will utilize the structures made under ICDS (Integrated Child Development Services Scheme).

The Anganwadicenters are the central points to deliver the services, and if the Anganwadi infrastructure is inadequate, it will be provided by the local Panchayat or Municipal Committee.

This scheme is a redesign of the already existing Adolescent Girls (AG) Scheme being implemented as a component under the centrally sponsored Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme.

Pradhan Mantri Mahila Shakti Kendra

The objective of this new scheme is to empower rural women through community participation.

Improving the child sex ratio, survival of new born girl child, girl education and empower them through several initiatives are the main motives.

Under the scheme, community engagement through student volunteers is envisioned in the backward districts at block level.

Student volunteers will help in awareness generation regarding various important government programmes as well as social issues.

It will be implemented by the Ministry of Women and Child Development under umbrella mission for ―Protection and Empowerment for Women for the duration of 2017-18 to 2019-20.

Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme

The scheme is launched to address the issue of decline in CSR in 100 gender critical districts and to provide convergent efforts to ensure survival, protection and education of the girl child.

The objectives of the Scheme are

1. Prevent gender biased sex selective elimination

2. Ensure survival & protection of the girl child

3. Ensure education of the girl child

The initiative has two major components such as mass communication campaign and multi-sectoral action covering all States and UTs.

It is being implemented in a coordinated effort by Ministry of WCD, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and Ministry of HRD.

The Union Cabinet has recently given its approval for expansion of BetiBachaoBetiPadhao for a Pan India reach covering all the 640 districts of the country as per census 2011.

CSR – Number of girls per 1000 boys in the age group of 0-6 years. It declined sharply from 976 in 1961 to 918 in Census 2011.

It is launched as a part of the ‘BetiBachaoBetiPadhao’ campaign.

It is a small deposit scheme for girl child to motivate parents to open an account in the name of a girl child and for her welfare to deposit maximum of their savings.

The account can be opened at any time from the birth of a girl child till she attains the age of 10 years in any post office or authorized branches of commercial banks.

A minimum of Rs. 1000 and maximum of Rs. 1.5 lakh can be deposited during a financial year and fetch an interest rate of 9.1 % and provide income tax rebate.

The account will get matured in 21 years from the date of opening of account or marriage of the girl child after attaining 18 years of age.

Partial Withdrawal for girl child education can be done when she cleared 10th class or turned 18 years.

100% of the amount can be withdrawn after girl child turns 18 is allowed and the provision of not allowing the withdrawal till the age of 18 is to prevent early marriage.

It is comprehensive Scheme for Prevention of Trafficking and Rescue, Rehabilitation and Re-Integration of Victims of Trafficking for Commercial Sexual Exploitation.

The Objectives of the Schemes –

To prevent trafficking of women and children for commercial sexual exploitation through social mobilization and involvement of local communities, awareness generation programmes, etc.

To facilitate rescue of victims from the place of their exploitation and place them in safe custody.

To provide rehabilitation services

To facilitate reintegration of the victims into the family and society at large.

To facilitate repatriation of cross-border victims to their country of origin.

It caters to primary needs of women in difficult circumstances.

This is a Central sector scheme for integrated services to women in difficult circumstances like destitute widows, women prisoners released from jail and without family support, women survivors of natural disasters, trafficked women/girls , mentally challenged women etc.

The package of services include provision for food, clothing, shelter, health care, counselling and legal support, social and economic rehabilitation through education, awareness generation , skill upgradation.

The Scheme is implemented to target women victims.

Women victims of difficult circumstances who are in need of institutional support for rehabilitation are being given help so that they could lead their life with dignity.

The Scheme envisages providing shelter, food, clothing and health as well as economic and social security for women victims.

The scheme focuses on establishing one SwadharGreh in each district.

Support to Training & Employment Programme for Women

It is a ‗Central Sector Scheme‘ that aims to provide skills that give employability to women and to provide competencies and skill that enable women to become self-employed/entrepreneurs.

The Scheme is intended to benefit women who are in the age group of 16 years and above across the country.

The grant under the Scheme is given to an institution/ organization including NGOs directly and not the States/ UTs.

The assistance will be available in any sector for imparting skills related to employability and entrepreneurship.

SHe-box (Sexual Harassment electronic box) is an online platform to enable women employees to file complaints related to sexual harassment at the workplace.

It enables both public and private sector employees to lodge their complaints.

It ensures the effective implementation of the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace Act, 2013.

It is a one-stop centre for providing medical, legal and rehabilitation facilities for women subjected to any kind of violence.

These centres will be established across the country to provide integrated support and assistance under one roof both in private and public spaces in a phased manner.

It focuses on strengthening of Multi Sectoral Response to violence faced by Women.

It is a monthly programme to facilitate adoption.

The Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA) under MoWCD is the nodal authority.

The first of its kind programme was held recently in New Delhi.

The Programme enables the public to have interaction with its officials and staff for seeking information related to Adoption.

NARI is an online portal developed by the Ministry of Women and Child Development.

The portal will provide women citizens with easy access to information on government schemes and initiatives for women.

It provides links to the Ministries, Departments and autonomous bodies offering the schemes as well as easy access to online applications and grievance redressal.

It is a citizen based website to exchange information on missing and found children.

It has been developed by the Ministry of Women and Child Development and the Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY).

There is also portal named ‗Track Child‘ that belongs to the Ministry of Home Affairs, but in that portal only police communicates with the police.

National Mission For Empowerment Of Women (NMEW)/ Mission Poorna Shakti– It aims to achieve holistic empowerment of women through convergence of schemes/programmes of different Ministries/Department of Government of India as well as State Governments.

Priyadarshini Scheme– It is a women Empowerment and Livelihoods Programme in the Mid Gangetic Plains.

The focus of the project is on livelihood enhancement, the beneficiaries will be empowered to address their political, legal, health problems issues through rigorous capacity building.

Nari Shakti Puraskar – It is an award conferred on eminent women, organization and institutions rendering distinguished service to the cause of women especially belonging to the vulnerable and marginalized sections of the society on the occasion of International Women’s Day (IWD).

Mahila E-Haat – It is an initiative for meeting aspirations and needs of women.

It is a bilingual portal provides unique direct online marketing platform leveraging technology for supporting women entrepreneurs/SHGs/ NGOs for showcasing their products / services.

Dhanalakshmi Scheme – The objective of the scheme is to provide a set of financial incentives for families to encourage them to retain a girl child, educate her and prevent child marriage.

The scheme provides for cash transfers to the family of the girl child on fulfilling certain specific conditions like immunization, enrolment and retention in school, insurance cover etc.

e-Samvad- e-Samvad is an online portal to provide a platform for NGOs and Civil Societies to interact with the Ministry of Women & Child Development.

Through e-Samvad, NGOs and civil society can provide their feedback, suggestions, put up grievances, share best practices which will help in formulation of effective policies.

Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports Schemes

Rashtriya Yuva Sashaktikaran Karyakram:

It is a flagship programme to enable youth to realise their potential.

This umbrella scheme consolidates Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan NYKS), National Youth Corps (NYC), National Programme for Youth & Adolescent Development (NPYAD) and National Discipline Scheme (NDS), National Young Leaders Programme (NYLP).

The Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports and the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting flagged off the 5th Mega Slum YuvaDaud.

It is a part of the Adopt Slum Campaign initiated by the Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports.

It aims to involve youngsters in constructive sporting events to keep them away from anti-social evils such as drug abuse and violence and to utilize their energy for development.

It is a National Programme for Development of Sports, which aims to enable a pathway from schools to Olympics.

Earlier the initiative focussed on infrastructure development, it will ensure all-round growth in its revamped form.

Each athlete selected under the new scheme will get a scholarship of Rs. 5 lakh per annum for eight years.

The government also aims to set up 20 universities across the country as hubs of sporting excellence.

Ministry of Law and Justice Schemes

Ministry of Law and Justice introduced, 3 new schemes to facilitate access justice aiming to connect those in need of legal aid with lawyers through use of technology.

Pro-bono legal services – It is a web based platform through which the interested lawyers can register themselves to volunteer services for litigants who are unable to afford it.

Supreme Court has recently released the guidelines, which says that a lawyer should have fought a certain number of cases pro bono (free of cost) in order to be designated as a senior lawyer.

Tele-law service – It is aimed at facilitating delivery of legal advice through an expert panel of lawyers stationed at the State Legal Services Authorities (SLSA).

The project would connect lawyers with clients through video conferencing facilities at CSCs.

Nyaya Mitra – It is aimed at reducing pendency of cases across selected districts, with special focus on those pending for more than 10 years.

A retired judicial officer, or an executive officer with judicial experience, will be put in charge of assisting those suffering due to judicial delays.

Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions

Electronic-Human Resource Management System (e-HRMS) is an online platform for central government employees to apply for leave and access their service-related information.

It will also help the employees to apply for different kind of Claims/reimbursements, loan/advances etc on a single platform.

The e-service book which is already in service for DoPT employees for accessing the service-related details of an employee will also be integrated in to the e-HRMS.

Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions in collaboration with United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has launched a new training programme Comprehensive Online Modified Modules on Induction Training (COMMIT) for State Government officials.

The objective of this training programme is to improve the public service delivery mechanism and provide citizen centric administration.

COMMIT will be launched in 6 States of Assam, Haryana, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Telangana and West Bengal initially on pilot basis.

Pre-Retirement Counselling (PRC) Workshop ̳Sankalp‘ for the retiring employees of Ministries/Departments was organised by the Department of Pensions & Pensioners’ Welfare (DOP&PW).

The aim of this program is to counsel retiring employees for joining into advisory bodies of their respective offices and also to dispose of grievances.

DOP&PW has so far conducted Pre-Retirement Counselling for more than 3000 employees under the Sankalp project.

A web portal for ―Sankalp‘ programme has also been launched, for Pensioners, Pensioner Associations and NGOs to avail the services.

This programme is not to be confused with ―Sankalp Se Siddhi‖ Scheme.

Sankalp Se Siddhi 
· Sankalp Se Siddhi (Attainment through Resolve) programme is a new initiative launched by union government for a New India movement from 2017 to 2022.

It was launched on the 75th anniversary of Quit India movement.

New India movement 2017-2022 aims to free up the country from many social evils such as poverty, corruption, terrorism, filth and others by creating awareness among the people.

 


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